History of the Ameraucana breed

Development of the Ameraucana breed began as early as the 1970's by breeders who desired the blue egg laying quality of the Araucana, a rumpless (no tail) South American bird with ear tufts. However, the Araucana possess a lethal gene making breeding particularly difficult. In an effort to create a dual purpose bird with the ability to lay blue eggs, breeders began developing a mix from the Araucana breed. Crossbreeding gave them a diverse genetic base from which they evolved into the Ameraucana breed with uniform and distinct features. By 1984, breeders were able to breed true to a standard, and the breed was accepted by the American Poultry Association (APA). The APA's American Standard of Perfection contains breed and variety descriptions of all recognized standard breed poultry in North America. For more information about the history of the Ameraucana breed, visit the Ameraucana Breeders Club.

Ameraucana Behaviour

The Ameraucana temperament varies from bird to bird, but they are typically easily handled, docile and friendly. Certain varieties such as the blue and black can be more flighty than others, while the wheaten variety is known to be one of the more personable. They are good layers, brooders, and handle confinement well.

Pure Ameraucana Standards

The APA accepted breed characteristics include, first and foremost, being a blue egg layer. They also must have a pea comb, a beard and muffs (no tufts ~ that is a disqualification), and a tail. They also MUST have slate blue legs, and red ear lobes (females pale). There has been a definite relationship established between the "Pea Comb" gene and the "Blue Egg" gene. Both these genes have been shown to be carried on the same chromosome, and thus closely related. True Ameraucana are less rare than Araucanas; however, quality, pure birds are still rare and only available through select hatcheries and reputable breeders at this time.

Ameraucanas should not be confused with Easter Eggers (EEs), which can lay blue, green, and brown (sometimes called pink) eggs, and do not conform to any breed standard. The Ameraucana Breeders Club defines an EE chicken as any chicken that possesses the blue egg gene, but doesn't fully meet the breed description as defined in the APA standards. Furthermore, if a bird (that possesses the blue egg gene) meets the Standard of Perfection breed description but does not meet a variety description (color) or breed true at least 50% of the time, it is considered an EE chicken. Unfortunately, many hatcheries continue to misrepresent their Easter Eggers as "Americanas" (and other various misspellings), so be sure to buy from a reputable breeder &/or do your research if you want to be sure you are purchasing true Ameraucana.

The standards from the Ameraucana Breeders Club site:

Ameraucana Large Fowl
Ameraucana large fowl are in the APA "All Other Standard Breeds" (AOSB) class of chickens. They were admitted to the Standard in 1984. Ameraucana is a general purpose fowl and has a distinctive blue eggshell coloration. Disqualifications include presence of ear tuffs and absence of beard & muffs.

Standard Weights for large fowl
Cock...... 6 1/2 lbs Hen...... 5 1/2 lbs
Cockerel...... 5 1/2 lbs Pullet...... 4 1/2 lbs

APA Accepted Ameraucana Varieties for Large Fowl & Bantam
Black, Blue, Blue Wheaten, Brown Red, Buff, Silver, Wheaten & White

Ameraucana Shape (Large Fowl & Bantam MALES)
  • Comb: Pea
  • Beak: Curved
  • Face: Nearly hidden by muffs
  • Eyes: Expressive
  • Wattles: Small, preferably absent
  • Earlobes: Small
  • Muffs & beard: Full, well-rounded, medium length
  • Head: Medium size
  • Neck: Well-arched
  • Hackle: Full
  • Back: Medium length
  • Saddle: Medium in length
  • Tail: Well spread, medium length, carried at 45° above horizontal
  • Wings: Fairly large, tips carried above the hock joint
  • Breast: Prominent
  • Body & stearn: Body of medium length, stern well-tucked up
  • Legs & toes: Medium length set apart, four toes
Ameraucana Shape (Large Fowl & Bantam FEMALES): *all standards are the same as the male except for the following*
  • Neck: Medium length
  • Cushion: Moderate
  • Tail: Medium length, well spread, carried at 40° above horizontal
  • Wings: Fairly prominent, carried above the hock joint
  • Breast: Full
  • Body & stearn: Full but trim, fluff well-tucked up
  • Legs & toes: Medium length, four toes

Mo's Mini Farm breed large fowl Ameraucana in the following varieties:

Black and Blue pen:

  • black rooster - direct from Frozen Acre Farm
  • black hens - direct from Smithey Poultry
  • blue hens - direct from Smithey Poultry and Cree/Smith birds from our original foundation flock direct from Cree Farm* and Paul Smith
  • splash** hen - from our original foundation flock direct from Cree Farm*
  • Wheaten pen:

  • roosters - from our original foundation flock direct from Paul Smith
  • hens - direct from Paul Smith, from our original foundation flock direct from Paul Smith, and from Hues of Bleu Poultry
  • *Cree Farms no longer raises poultry.
    **non-standard but currently in development for APA acceptance

    Click on the photos below to view our Ameraucana photo album.

    MMF Black & Blue line

    MMF Wheaten line